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Welcome to is your site to find all the knowledge and resources you would like to know about periodontitis. Periodontitis is inflammation of the periodontium, which are the tissues that support the teeth.

The periodontium consists of four tissue types: the gingival, known as the gum tissue, the cementum - the outer layer of the teeth's roots, the alveolar bone (bony sockets that teeth are anchored into) and the periodontal ligaments (PDLs), which are the connective tissue fibres that run between the cementum and the alveolar bone. The second most common disease worldwide, if left untreated, periodontitis can lead to the loss of teeth.

Periodontitis is first caused by bacteria that grows on the tooth and gum's surface in the form of plaque. When mixed with the sugar that comes from the food you eat, this bacteria produces an acid that can erode your tooth's surface and infect your gums. Gingivitis is the condition that results from infected gums. When gingivitis is left untreated, periodontitis occurs, where the gingival fibres (gum tissue) separate from the tooth and more inflammation occurs in the periodontal pockets, resulting in bone loss.

To diagnose periodontitis, the soft gum tissues are analysed with a probe and radiographs are conducted to see if there has been any bone loss. Dental specialists of periodontitis are called periodontists, and in some cases, they may need to perform periodontal surgery.

If you want to avoid contracting periodontitis, it's important to maintain a high level of oral hygiene. This means you must regularly brush and floss your teeth. You might also decide to use an antiseptic mouthwash. Using mouthwash with chlorhexidine gluconate in combination with good oral hygiene can cure gingivitis. However, it cannot reverse any damage caused by periodontitis.

Regular dental check-ups and professional teeth cleaning may also reduce the risk of contracting periodontal disease, as dentists will monitor your teeth's health. While periodontitis occurs due to poor oral hygiene, other risk factors include diabetes, genetics and smoking.

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